Depends on case
Joint pain usually occurs due to a joint sprain, which most often occurs in the wrist, ankle and thumb. Small tears may occur in the joint capsules – a membrane filled with synovial fluid – and the ligaments, causing considerable swelling, pain and causing problems with movement. A joint strain, which most occurs in the hamstrings, calf and groin, is where the tendons are stretched to the point of causing pain, without the tearing that is the hallmark of the joint sprain.
The severity of the joint pain and injury is dependent on the condition of the affected ligaments, tendons and tissues. In cases where some fibers are torn but the function of the organ is not affected, treatment with medication and physiotherapy usually suffices. Swelling may occur. If the patient experiences a high level of loss of function and strength with torn fibres, hospital treatment may be required. In cases where the soft tissues are completely torn and the patient experiences considerable loss of function and strength, surgical repair may be the only solution.
Even minor soft tissue injuries can become chronic if treatment is not sought at an earlier stage. For example, sudden twists and jolts can cause greater pain while stretching beyond natural capacity may lead to tearing of the muscles.
What are the treatment options for joint pain and injuries?
While the majority of joint sprains, strains and similar injuries can be managed with over the counter medications by and a course of physiotherapy, sometimes the condition can be severe and cause considerable pain and discomfort. In cases such as these which do not improve over time, surgery may be the best solution.
The starting point for treatment may be advice from the doctor to rest the injured area and ensure it is not used for a period of time to aid recovery. For recurring and chronic injuries, the treatment can vary in line with each individual case, ranging from medication and physiotherapy to surgical intervention for chronic cases.
Recovery time for joint sprains and injuries vary depending on the type of injury sustained, in addition to the age and general health of the patient.